CTV Morning Live with Karlene Karst – How to Properly Store Your Foods
What goes in the fridge?
- Some foods need to be kept in the fridge to help slow down germs’ growth and keep food fresh and safe for longer.
- These are foods marked with a “use by” date and “keep refrigerated” on the label, such as milk, meat and ready meals.
- Cool down leftovers as quickly as possible (ideally within two hours), store them in the fridge and eat them within two days.
- It is safe to let food cool completely at room temperature before storing it in the fridge.
- Avoid putting open tin cans in the fridge, as the food inside may develop a metallic taste.
- Follow the manufacturer’s instructions or place the contents in a storage container or covered bowl before refrigerating.
Keep your fridge temperature at 5 degrees celsius or below.
If your fridge has a digital temperature display you may wish to check it against an internal fridge thermometer now and again to make sure it’s accurate.
No food lasts forever, how ever well it is stored. Most pre-packed foods carry either a “use-by” or a “best before” date.
- “Use-by” dates appear on foods that go off quite quickly. It can be dangerous to eat foods past this date.
- “Best before” dates are for foods with a longer life. They show how long the food will be at its best.
Food can look and smell fine even after its “use-by” date but that doesn’t mean it’s safe to eat. It could still contain bugs that could make you ill.
Eating food past its “best before” date is not dangerous, but the food may not be good quality.
You can freeze pretty much everything, including:
- cheese (except soft cheese as the freezing process affects the texture)
- eggs, including boiled eggs
- bananas: peel and wrap them or place in an air tight container before freezing
- baked goods
- rice: read our safety tips
Anything with a high water content like strawberries and tomatoes will go squishy but are still fine to cook with.
Place food in an air-tight container or wrap it tightly in freezer bags or similar before placing in the freezer otherwise the cold air will dry it out.
Eggs are best stored in the fridge as they are kept at a constant temperature.
Eggs can also be frozen. Two ways to freeze eggs:
- crack the egg and separate yolks and whites into separate plastic containers or food bags before freezing. This is handy for baking.
- crack the egg into a plastic tub and beat it before freezing – great for omelettes and scrambled eggs.
You can safely store a boiled egg in the fridge for a couple of days. Boiled eggs can also be frozen.
Storing Meat and Poultry
It’s important to store meat safely in the fridge to stop bacteria from spreading and avoid food poisoning.
- Store raw meat and poultry in clean, sealed containers on the bottom shelf of the fridge.
- Follow any storage instructions on the label and don’t eat meat after its use-by date.
- Keep cooked meat separate from raw meat and ready to eat foods in general.
Freezing and Defrosting Meat and Fish
It’s safe to freeze meat and fish as long as you:
- freeze it any time before its use-by date
- defrost meat and fish thoroughly before cooking – lots of liquid will come out as meat thaws, so stand it in a bowl to stop bacteria in the juice spreading to other things
- defrost meat or fish in a microwave if you intend to cook straight away, or if not, defrost in the fridge overnight so it doesn’t get too warm
- cook food until it’s steaming hot throughout
Make sure meat is properly wrapped in the freezer or it might get freezer burn, which can make it tough and inedible.
Date and label meat in the freezer and eat it within 24 hours of defrosting.
You can freeze meat for a long time and it will still be safe to eat, but the quality will deteriorate so it’s best to eat it within three to six months.
Don’t worry if it’s frozen for longer – try marinating it before cooking to improve texture or use herbs and spices to add flavour.
Re-freezing Meat and Fish
- Never re-freeze raw meat (including poultry) or fish that has been defrosted.
- You can cook frozen meat and fish once defrosted, and then refreeze them.
- You can re-freeze cooked meat and fish once, as long as they have been cooled before going into the freezer. If in doubt, don’t re-freeze.
- Frozen raw foods can be defrosted once and stored in the fridge for up to 24 hours before they need to be cooked or thrown away.
- To reduce wastage, divide the meal into portions before freezing and then just defrost what you need.
Don’t throw away leftovers: they could be tomorrow’s lunch! Follow these tips to make the most of them:
- Cool leftovers as quickly as possible, ideally within two hours.
- Divide leftovers into individual portions and refrigerate or freeze.
- Use refrigerated leftovers within two days.
- When reheating food, make sure it is heated until it reaches a temperature of 70C for two minutes, so that it is steaming hot throughout.
- Always defrost leftovers completely, either in the fridge or in the microwave.
- When defrosted, food should be reheated only once, because the more times you cool and reheat food, the higher the risk of food poisoning.
- Cooked food that has been frozen and removed from the freezer should be reheated and eaten within 24 hours of fully defrosting.
- Foods stored in the freezer, such as ice cream and frozen desserts, should not be returned to the freezer once they have thawed.
For safety and to reduce waste, only take out of the freezer what you intend to use within the next
Storing Fruits and Vegetables
Produce can be tricky to store because some fruits and vegetables are incompatible when stored together. Some fruits emit ethylene gas which can cause vegetables to spoil prematurely. Vegetarian Times recommends keeping these “gas releasers” out of the fridge: avocados, bananas, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, and tomatoes.
You can refrigerate apples, apricots, cantaloupes, figs, and honeydew, but keep them out of the vegetable bin/crisper where you may be storing ethelyne-sensitive vegetables (check the Vegetarian Times article for the list of these vulnerable veggies; VT also recommends which fruits and vegetables to eat first based on how rapidly they spoil).
Speaking of the vegetable bin, most standard fridges have a vegetable crisper designed to keep produce firm and fresher for longer, and sometimes come with this may be a good place to keep your gas-sensitive vegetables, as the area is sealed off from the rest of the fridge.
Don’t store fruits and vegetables in their own airtight bags or containers, however, because that might speed up decay.
- place in glass jar, with a bit of water on stem. Cover with plastic bag. Will last for weeks and stays fresh, crispy and full of flavor.
Avocado—usual approach is to limit exposure to oxygen. The avocado turns brown and slimy. The best way to keep a cut avocado green (rather than slimy and mushy) is to place it in an airtight container (I like glass container) with a piece of a cut up onion. Close and refrigerate up to several days. It has to do with the sulfur compounds the onion releases. (these act as preservatives). The onions taste and smell don’t transfer to the avocado.
- Hard aged cheese (Parmesan, aged gouda)- first wrap in wax parchment paper, then add a layer of plastic wrap.
- Semi-hard- cheddar, swiss and gruyere—wrap in plastic.
- Soft and semi-soft like goat, camembert, brie place in a resealable plastic container.
- Fresh cheese in water—mozza or feta- leave cheese in original packaging and change water every couple days.